Colleges should also consider allowing some meaningful participation by members of the administrative staff who are prominently involved in college life, such as deans of student affairs and directors of admission. The current division between formal instruction and the extracurriculum is arbitrary, since many goals of undergraduate education, such as moral development and preparation for citizenship, are influenced significantly by the policies for admitting students, the administration of rules for student behavior, the advising of undergraduates, the nature of residential life and the extracurricular activities in which many students participate.
Representatives from all groups responsible for the policies and practices that affect these goals should have something to contribute to reviews of undergraduate education. Finally, there is an urgent need for more and better research both to improve the quality of undergraduate education and to increase the number of students who complete their studies. Among the many questions deserving further exploration, four lines of inquiry seem especially important. The importance of this last point can scarcely be overestimated.
Without reliable measures of learning, competition for students can do little to improve the quality of instruction, since applicants have no way of knowing which college offers them the best teaching. Provosts, deans and departments will have difficulty identifying weaknesses in their academic programs in need of corrective action.
Higher Education in Pakistan - Ills & Remedies | Complete Essay with Outline
Academic leaders will be handicapped in trying to persuade their professors to change the way they teach if they cannot offer convincing evidence that alternative methods will bring improved results. Faculty members will do less to improve their teaching if they continue to lack adequate ways to discover how much their students are learning. All these reforms could do a lot to improve the quality of undergraduate education -- as well as increase levels of attainment. With more research and experimentation, other useful ideas will doubtless continue to appear.
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Lack of Education Essay
Advice to highly sensitive academics for avoiding burnout opinion. Panel examines who benefits from early decision. Mental health is low priority for community colleges. Large study finds colleges that go test optional become more diverse and maintain academic quality.
Online learning fails to deliver, finds report aimed at discouraging politicians from deregulating. How to improve the quality of higher education essay. Scott Jaschik Inside Higher Ed. View the discussion thread. Google Tag Manager. Advertise About Contact Subscribe. Print This. Improving the Quality of Education. By Derek Bok. September 21, The reasons for concern include: College students today seem to be spending much less time on their course work than their predecessors did 50 years ago, and evidence of their abilities suggests that they are probably learning less than students once did and quite possibly less than their counterparts in many other advanced industrial countries.
Employers complain that many graduates they hire are deficient in basic skills such as writing, problem solving and critical thinking that college leaders and their faculties consistently rank among the most important goals of an undergraduate education. Most of the millions of additional students needed to increase educational attainment levels will come to campus poorly prepared for college work, creating a danger that higher graduation rates will be achievable only by lowering academic standards.
History of Pakistan
More than two-thirds of college instructors today are not on the tenure track but are lecturers serving on year-to-year contracts. Many of them are hired without undergoing the vetting commonly used in appointing tenure-track professors. Studies indicate that extensive use of such instructors may contribute to higher dropout rates and to grade inflation. States have made substantial cuts in support per student over the past 30 years for public colleges and community colleges. Research suggests that failing to increase appropriations to keep pace with enrollment growth tends to reduce learning and even lower graduation rates.
Some Immediate Improvements Many colleges provide a formidable array of courses, majors and extracurricular opportunities, but firsthand accounts indicate that many undergraduates do not feel that the material conveyed in their readings and lectures has much relevance to their lives. More Substantial Reforms More fundamental changes will take longer to achieve but could eventually yield even greater gains in the quality of undergraduate education.
They include: Improving graduate education. The Need for Research Finally, there is an urgent need for more and better research both to improve the quality of undergraduate education and to increase the number of students who complete their studies. How can remedial education be improved?
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At present, low rates of completion in remedial courses are a major impediment to raising levels of educational attainment. Students experience main exams in the eighth and the tenth grades. These exams take place nationally and so the students are set to compete at a national or regional level. Students in public schools have only two chances to take these exams. If they fail the exams twice, they disqualify from taking the same exam in a public school.
The next option is enrolling in a private school. Those students who cannot afford the fees end up dropping out of school. Others get discouraged and search for other means of livelihood without any certificate to show that they attended school. The government can improve the education level in this system through a number of ways.
First, they should allocate more funds to the education department.
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They can do this by asking for more funds from donors or other non-governmental organizations. Increase in funds will solve many other problems. The government should provide books and stationery to all students. It should also employ more students in order to serve the teacher deficit in most government schools.
It should build more classes in the existing schools ad more schools in the areas that have high population in order to solve the overcrowding issue. There are tribal areas in Pakistan where the literacy rate for women is as low as 9. There are five levels within the Pakistani education system. This means that like the US education system it has grades, and in this case, the grades work in levels.
Level one starts at primary and that is for grades one to five.
The middle level goes through grades six to eight. The third level goes from grades nine to ten. The fourth level goes from grade eleven to twelve, through which a student may receive his or her HSC, which is the Higher Secondary Certificate. The fifth level includes attendance at a University, in which a student may earn an undergraduate and graduate degree. The state of Pakistani education could still be a lot better, but they do produce around 10, computer science graduates and , university graduates per year.
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