In other words, the topic sentence is to the paragraph what the thesis is to the entire essay, chapter, or book. While the thesis gives unity to the essay, the topic sentence gives unity to the paragraph by developing one major point suggested in the controlling idea of the thesis. Like the thesis, the topic sentence is integral to the organization of the essay. Each paragraph should have a topic sentence. An introduction is for getting the reader's attention, stating the purpose, and providing the direction.
Presentation on theme: "Argumentative Writing and Essay Structure"— Presentation transcript:
Skip to main content. Menu Student Portal Apply Now! Thesis A thesis statement is the basic stand that an author takes, the opinion that he expresses, and the major point that he wishes to make about his subject. The first step in writing an effective thesis statement involves the focusing, limiting, or narrowing of the topic. First, next, then, and finally are order words. Use order words with Power Statements to help the reader follow your ideas easier. First, take the guinea pig out of the cage. Put the guinea pig in a safe place.
Next, lift up the old newspaper and wood chips. Throw them away. Spread clean newspaper on the bottom of the cage. Then add a new layer of wood chips.
Cancer Thesis Statement
Finally, put the guinea pig back into its clean cage. What is the topic sentence of the paragraph? What is the main idea? Every step does not need to have an order word. How many steps are there in cleaning the cage? These steps are out of order More practice with order. These steps are out of order.
Argumentative Writing and Essay Structure
Write them in order, as a paragraph. These are the steps for a fire drill. Follow these instructions for a fire drill. Next, form a straight line. Leave the room when your teacher tells you to.
First, stand up and push in your chairs. Walk quickly and quietly outside. How to Peel a Banana Pull it down gently. First, take hold of the stem. Then take hold of the next strip at the top. Keep pulling until the strip is all the way down. Pull it down gently, too. Do the same with the other strips. Choose one thing to explain to a classmate.
The Topic Sentence | Sentence (Linguistics) | Causality
How to peel an orange. How to make a telephone call. How to draw a stick person. Tell your instructions to a classmate. Then work together to make your instructions even better. However Statements However is one of several conjunctive adverbs that will help you organize your thoughts into a topic sentence or a thesis statement. Use however in the middle of the sentence.
You will need a semicolon ; before the word however and a comma , after the word however. This creates a compound sentence. Usually, the first part independent clause will be the occasion reason for writing ; the second part independent clause will state your position what you plan to prove or explain. Some of the citizens in Springfield protested when the city council voted to close the old theater; however, one man was able to settle the argument by suggesting a way to rebuild the theater without having to ask the taxpayers for more money.
My father is very strict; however, he has good reasons for all of his rules. Ants are very small creatures and may seem insignificant; however, scientists around the world study these insects. And, But, Or Statements This method of topic sentences also creates a compound sentence. With the coordinating conjunctions-and, but,or, nor,so,yet,and for- you can easily write a topic sentence. Reptiles are all alike because they have backbones, breathe with lungs, and have scales, yet reptiles come in a variety of sizes and shapes. My grandmother likes to help others, so she volunteers at church, at the hospital, and at my school.
I enjoy most music, but jazz is my favorite. School boards should not cut art and music programs, nor should they sacrifice the industrial arts electives offered in most high schools. A Few Good Prepositions. See list of prepositions on next slide. Not all prepositions will work for your topic. Read your sentence out loud and make your decision once you hear the sentence.
Remember that your topic sentence gives your audience a quick glance at your reason for writing and tells the readers what you intend to prove or explain. According to Current Events magazine, many high schools have banned pagers. Without my computer my life would be a disaster. With the proper training and the best equipment, high school football players can enjoy the sport and avoid injury.
In case of a fire, all families should make an escape plan and practice it. Like most teenagers, my cousin Fred disagrees with his parents on several issues. Since the first Olympics, thousands of athletes have challenged themselves and set world records. Words like since, until, before, and after are prepositions if there is no verb action word. Preposition— After the game there were several fights in the parking lot. Clause — After the game ended, fights broke out in the parking lot.
Preposition — Since the first of the year I have improved my grades in math and art.
Language & Lit
Clause — Since the semester started, I have worked hard to improve my grades in math and art. To, Plus A Verb Try using an infinitive to start your paper. An infinitive is the main verb preceded by the word to. Topic sentences with infinitives are clear and direct. To succeed in business a person must establish clear but realistic goals.
To attract customer, the ice cream parlor hired a clown who did magic tricks.
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To succeed takes more than just a good idea and a dream. To prepare for college, high school students should take several math, science, and English classes. To improve her health, Grandmother made several changes in her lifestyle. To keep in contact with friends and family, many teens invest in pagers. Write a topic sentence using each of the previous methods. Use a magazine picture for ideas. The List Statement List the categories you will address in your paper.
Think of similar endings like ed and ing when you make your list. Do not mix words with phrases or clauses with a series of single words. Keep the list parallel. When I set out to buy my new car, I looked for a vehicle that was reliable, safe, and economical. Problems with the new school include: poor ventilation, small classrooms, inadequate lighting, limited parking. The Smiths love their new home but are having trouble with the garage door and with a new sprinkling system. Knife crime persuasive essay. Eid day essay for class 1. Curriculum vitae example in french.
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