Avoid: MMP expression profiles cannot distinguish between normal and early osteoarthritic synovial fluid. Better: Matrix metalloproteinase protein expression profiles cannot distinguish between normal and early osteoarthritic synovial fluid. Always write down the hypothesis and then take into consideration these simple tips.
Here's an quick 3-minute recap of the tips on writing an effective research paper title:. You might also like to read the following related articles:. Create a free account and access this bonus resource. Get Instant Access. You're looking to give wings to your academic career and publication journey.
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Confirm that you would also like to sign up for free personalized email coaching for this stage. Quick tips to help you get the title of your research… Quick tips to help you get the title of your research paper right. Tips on effective use of tables and figures in… Tips on effective use of tables and figures in research papers.
Instead, refer readers to the table or figures containing that finding. Keep in mind that most journals limit the number of tables and figures in a paper. Thus, be creative in keeping them to a minimum while also comprehensively reporting your results. All tables and figures should be clearly labelled with proper captions, and all notations and statistical abbreviations should be explained in a legend. While the other major sections of a research paper describe why you did the study, how you did it and what you found , the discussion section is where you attach meaning to the findings and deliver the take-home message from the research.
Include a general discussion of the study findings within the context of previous work, provide an overview of the implications of these findings and highlight the study limitations. Writing this subsection requires a deep understanding of the study findings, the research topic and the existing literature.
11 steps to structuring a science paper editors will take seriously
This is your opportunity to explain your results and attach meaning to the findings within the context of the studies that came before yours. Instead of simply repeating the literature review of the introductory section of your paper, integrate that literature with the findings of the current study. If your results differ from those of previous studies, consider providing some possible explanations for these differences. No research study is free of limitations. Include a paragraph in the discussion section highlighting the limitations of your study.
This will allow readers to make a sound judgment about the internal validity of the study. Of course, you should also mention the strengths of the research, including how it is unique. Close your research paper by summarizing the main findings of the study and outlining the take-home message from these findings. This section should be precise and to the point.
All conclusions should be specific and directly related to the study findings. It is important to discuss the implications of the study findings for research and practice and for education, administration and policy, if applicable and to make recommendations. However, avoid sweeping generalizations and overreaching recommendations that are not supported by the study findings. Also, note that the findings of a single study are rarely used to change practice.
Thus, be cautious about what you recommend.
How to Write a Research Paper
El-Masri, M. Confidence intervals: Part 1. Canadian Nurse , 2 , 8. Confidence intervals: Part 2. Prospective cohort study design. Canadian Nurse , 2 , Randomized controlled trial study design.
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Canadian Nurse , 7 , Blinding in RCTs. Canadian Nurse , 2 , 9.
Reliability of psychometric instruments. Canadian Nurse , 5 , Validity of psychometric instruments. Canadian Nurse , 4 , Introduction to research sampling. Canadian Nurse, 1 , Non-probability sampling. Canadian Nurse, 3 , Probability sampling. Canadian Nurse, 2 , Epstein, D. Writing for publication. Oermann, M. Writing for publication in nursing 3rd ed. Perneger, T. Writing a research article: Advice to beginners. International Journal for Quality in Health Care , 16 3 , Pierson, D.
How to Write a Research Paper - Enago Academy
The top 10 reasons why manuscripts are not accepted for publication. Sometimes they have to be included after the main text. Please observe that most scientific fields and paper formats have their own specific rules and standards of writing. You will have to check with your faculty or school to know exactly how to write the paper - the guide is meant as an overview of academic papers in general. Publication of your article can be a very time-consuming process. After writing the academic paper, the researchers submit it to a journal.
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Typically you start with the most regarded journal and then work yourself down the list, until a journal accepts the article. Scientific journals use peer review process , which is a panel of other researchers most likely in the same field who review the work, to ensure that the quality of the paper. Publication bias is a well known phenomenon, as the peer review process often rejects "null results".
A journal rejection does not necessarily mean that you do not have a chance to resubmit the journal though. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Oskar Blakstad Oct 4, Write a Research Paper.
Retrieved Oct 16, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. That is it. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution. Check Out the Official Book Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level.
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